- Are you suffering from severe pain?
- Does your mouth bleed while brushing?
- Are your teeth mobile/loose?
- Do you have any swelling in your mouth inside or outside?
Dental emergencies are very common, but one should have the knowledge to handle the situation in case of stress or emergency. Proper maintenance of oral hygiene and regular visit to dentist can help to reduce the chances of experiencing a dental emergency.
The most common dental emergencies may include teeth that are –
Forced out of position causing loosening of tooth
- Facial trauma
- Fractured facial bones.
- Chipped, Broken or fractured tooth
- Infection indicating an abscess
Treatment will depend on the severity of the damage. For example a chipped tooth is slightly damaged; it can be corrected by smoothening, of maybe restoring the tooth by bond and composite filling material. If the damage is beyond dentin and pulp involvement with severe pain, then the tooth should be treated (RCT).
Here are few scenarios where you may prevent the symptoms before they get worse, or even you get an idea that the time is right to see a dentist now:
Chipped Tooth Or Broken Tooth
If it fairly visible and you are afraid about your looks then call your dentist and explain the situation.
Try to find and retain the chipped particle or any pieces and place it in a moist cloth with a few drops of water or saliva (If kept in good condition, it may be possible to reattach it).
What To Do When Tooth Is Knocked Out Of Socket?
If your tooth is knocked out due to a blunt force trauma causing severe facial injury, try first to find the lost tooth. If the appropriate emergency steps are followed immediately after the tooth has been knocked out, the chances are very good that the tooth can be reinserted and preserved by a dentist.
- Handle the tooth only by the crown not by the root. If you try to touch the root, u may damage the fragile cells on the root necessary for its reattachment back into the bone.
- If the tooth is dirty, very gently rinse it in water to ensure that the tooth is clean but do not scrub the tooth or remove any tissue attachment.
- If you want to then try placing the clean tooth gently back in the socket without touching the root and make sure that the tooth is facing the right direction. Do not force it into the socket. If it is not possible to put the tooth back in position then wrap it in a clean cloth or gauze. Soak it in a container of cold milk or if milk is not available, put the tooth in water that contains a pinch of table salt.
- It is important to see the dentist for an emergency appointment for the best chances of retaining the tooth.
What To Do When Tooth Is Fractured Or Cracked?
- Rinse your mouth immediately to clean the area with warm water.
- Take medication prescribed by your physician or dentist.
- Do not attempt to put any painkiller directly on the site of injury to avoid any burning sensation, it may worsen the situation.
- Avoid chewing with the injured site and always avoid extreme temperatures that may affect the already traumatized area.
- Immediately contact your dentist as only he can tell how bad the condition is. The dentist might need to do an X-ray for evaluation of the severity of the situation.
- See your dentist as soon as possible. Not receiving the proper treatment may result in progression of infection or further decay or damage.
IN CASE OF:
As a temporary measure, you stick a piece of softened sugarless chewing gum at the place where filling is missing. You should be sure that the gum is truly sugarless, as sugar can cause pain when in contact with the tooth and can lead to bacterial infections in the area.
See your dentist as soon as possible for the proper treatment and care.
If you dropped out a crown of the mouth, make sure to visit your dentist as soon as possible without waiting for extra days. The tooth portion now exposed that has lost its support could easily be damaged or break off or crumble.
Keep the crown in a cool, safe place because if the crown is not damaged your dentist can reinsert it.
If the crown is out of the mouth for a long period of time, the teeth may shift causing further damage and the old crown will not fit at this stage.
Broken or Loose Brackets, Wires Or Bands
If a wire breaks or sticks out of a bracket it may cause discomfort by poke in cheeks, tongue, or gum.
Try to cover the pointed end with something soft substance like orthodontic wax, sugarless gum, or piece of gauze to avoid discomfort until you visit your orthodontist.
You should never try to cut the wire as you could swallow it or breathe it into your lungs.
Dental abscess or tooth abscess is an accumulation of pus inside the teeth or gums. It should not be ignored as the infection may spread into nearby spaces affecting other teeth as well.
You may try to gargle with pinch of table salt in lukewarm water for a brief time for some relief.
Contact your dentist for proper care and treatment for the dental abscess before the infection spreads.
Possible Broken Jaw
To control the swelling in the traumatized area apply cold compressions. Stabilize the jaw with bandage wrapped beneath the jaw and tied on top of the head.
A broken or dislocated jaw may cause breathing problems or significant bleeding. If it is not treated properly, a broken jaw can leave you with devastating effects on a person’s ability to eat and breathe.
Sip on ice water and hold for sometime in your mouth until you see your dentist.
For more information, you can book an appointment at Dr. Sachdeva’s Dental Aesthetic & Implant Center I 101 Ashok Vihar Phase 1, Delhi- 110052
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