Gum disease is inflammation of tissues surrounding the teeth. It can range from simple inflammation to severe damage to the bone that supports the teeth.

It has 2 forms:

  • Gingivitis
  • Periodontitis

Gingivitis is mild form of gum disease in which there is only swelling and redness in gum. But if gingivitis is not treated in time it can lead to severe bone loss and pocket formation and convert into a disease called periodontitis.


A bio-film is formed on teeth which is called dental plaque. It can be removed by brushing and flossing. This is a reversible condition.  However, if it accumulates on the tooth surface for long period of time a harder deposit is formed which is called tartar or calculus. It cannot be removed by simple brushing. The bacteria in the bio-film release waste products that cause inflammation in the gum leading to severe bone loss, mobility and loss of teeth subsequently. It should be treated as soon as possible and if left untreated the bacteria in mouth can enter blood stream and spread to other parts of body causing heart and kidney diseases.


  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Hormonal changes in pregnancy and menopause.
  • Some diseases like Cancer and HIV interfere with the immune system leads to gum disease.
  • Certain medications
  • Smoking
  • Genetic



  • Swelling of gum
  • Bleeding on brushing
  • Bad breadth or halitosis and bad taste in mouth.
  • Mobility of teeth
  • Receding gums



If you are facing any of these problems you need to contact dentist. It needs to be treated as soon as possible. With time condition worsens leading to severe complications both on general and dental health.

Treatment depends upon the stage of the disease, and categorized as:

  • Non-Surgical

  • Scaling
  • Root planning
  • Curettage
  • Surgical :
  • Flap surgery/pocket reduction surgery
  • Bone grafts
  • Soft tissue grafts
  • Bone surgery
  • Guided tissue regeneration

Recommendation of certain antibiotic is also done to eliminate bacterial infection.


Laser treatment is one of the newest modality of treatment of gum disease.


There is no any serious precaution to be carried out after treatment.All you need is to maintain good oral hygiene.

  • Proper brushing of teeth twice daily
  • Use of fluorinated toothpaste
  • Use of mouthwashes
  • Warm saline rinses

You must  visit dentist for cleaning of teeth  twice a year in order  to avoid all form of gum disease and other related serious complications on health.


Bleeding Gums: Sign of Trouble

People are actually mislead when they see bleeding gums and they do often stop brushing as according to them brushing is actually causing their gums to bleed. Therefore we bring few questions people ask and their answers to help them to get a better understanding about bleeding gums.

Why gums bleed? Is it normal or abnormal?

Those people who don’t practice proper dental hygiene regularly, the bacteria in the mouth form plaque on the teeth surface frequently. These harmful bacteria may lead to red and swollen gums those bleed on slight touch. Some people do not experience any pain but if you catch this symptom at an early stage, the professional cleaning could be done and the healing would be achieved and that would give excellent results. But if you ignore this situation, it may get worse eventually lead to loss of teeth.

My gums bleed while brushing. Should I be scared?

The bleeding gums are the result of not maintaining oral hygiene properly. It is not a condition to be scared of as it is just an initial stage of gum disease therefore it should not be ignored. It is a wrong practice to stop brushing when you see the gums bleed as not brushing would accelerate and worsen the condition. Visit your dentist and get a professional cleaning done and then maintain oral hygiene to avoid it.

Is there a proper way to clean my teeth effectively?

Always use a soft bristled tooth brush for a start. Make sure that you use your toothbrush gently in circular motions to clean your teeth and gums too. Brushing is always for the teeth as well as gums. The gum line is the curve around the tooth where most bacteria reside so it’s important to not to ignore that.  The back and forth motion technique of brushing does more harm than good as it can irritate the gums and can damage them, making them more susceptible to recede.

Flossing is very important to remove the bacteria in the space between your teeth where toothbrush is unable to reach. Most people complain of bleeding gums while flossing as they haven’t flossed for a long time. Always be cautious to not e harsh on your gums while flossing. Be gentle with the floss and always slide up and down following the shape of each tooth. Bleeding usually goes away within a week so when good oral hygiene is maintained, always maintain good hygiene practice by brushing twice daily along with flossing.

With poor oral hygiene, the plaque solidifies to become tartar which is even more difficult to clean by you. The tartar becomes the breeding zone for more plaque and bacteria which penetrate the gums making them more inflamed.

When children have bleeding gums, what should be done?

When children or adults have bleeding gums, it’s mainly due to improper brushing technique or not brushing for a long time and not cleaning the gums well enough. Parents should make their kids learn how to do proper brushing as a child is naïve and may not be able to clean every corner of the mouth and may not know proper technique too.

Any health conditions may case bleeding of gums?

When the bleeding gums condition progresses, it leads to severe damage of teeth surrounding area and to the bone. The toxic bacteria on teeth and gums releases harmful substances that in turn that harms your gums and in turn make them infected.  If this condition is ignored, it leads to periodontitis an eventually leading to loss of teeth.

Sometimes, bleeding gums may be caused by reason other than not maintaining proper oral hygiene. Such situations are severe vitamin deficiency, pregnancy or menstruation, chemotherapy, diabetes, drugs such as blood thinners. Evidently smoking also damages gums and help in progress of disease.

Do medications help for bleeding gums?

Most helpful way to remove the plaque which is responsible for the bleeding gums is brushing and flossing effectively twice daily. The plaque, if left unclean, may harden and transform into tartar which is hard and strictly adheres itself to tooth surface near gums. Tartar is an ideal place to harbor bacteria and infect your gums with it. Regular cleaning of teeth and professional cleaning twice a year will help you to avoid this condition for a really long time.

Aside from brushing and flossing, what other things can prevent bleeding gums?

Visit your dentist. The dentist will remove all the hard deposits present on the tooth as well as root surface. The cleaning will remove the toxic bacteria that are causing the gums to bleed and will help the gums to heal. It is necessary to maintain the oral hygiene at all times.

If the gum disease is at an advanced stage known as , you may consult a periodontist , a gum disease specialist to get a better idea about your gum health.

What is last advice for patients with gum disease?

Always brush with the right technique and floss twice a day. Visit your dentist twice a year to ensure your oral hygiene to prevent gum diseases in future.