ORAL CANCER

  • What is Cancer?
  • CANCER is a group of disease which involves abnormal cell growth which carries the potential to invade other parts of the body.

  • And ORAL CANCER also known as Mouth Cancer is the growth of any cancerous tissue in the oral cavity.
  • It is a type of head and neck cancer.
  • There are different types of oral cancer but the most common is Squamous cell carcinoma.
  • Oral cancer most commonly involves the TONGUE but may also involve lips, palate, gingiva and floor of mouth.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF ORAL CANCER

  • The appearance of velvety white, red or speckled patches in the mouth.
  • Sudden development of swelling, lumps, rough spots, eroded surface or appearance of crusts on the lips, gingiva or other regions of oral cavity.

  • Prolonged hoarseness or change in voice.
  • Difficulty in chewing, swallowing, speaking, or difficulty in the movement of the jaw and tongues.

  • Unexplained bleeding from the mouth.

  • Sudden loss in weight.
  • Unexplained numbness and loss of pain or tenderness in any areas of the oral cavity.
  • Painless ulcers in the mouth which does not heal.

 

  • Pain in the ear without loss of hearing.

  • Unexplained mobility of teeth and sockets which do not show healing after extractions.

  • There may be change in the way the dentures or teeth fit together.

   If you notice one or more of these symptoms for more than two     weeks then visit a specialist for complete oral examination. Often these symptoms don’t indicate oral cancer. But it is important to get it diagnosed.

 

                     HOW DOES IT OCCURS?

  • The exact etiology is not known.
  • There is increased risk in people consuming TOBACCO of any type – cigarettes, cigars, pipes, smokeless tobacco.
  • Increased use of ALCOHOL also increases the chance of developing oral cancer.

 

  • And the risk is even higher in people consuming both tobacco and alcohol.

  • SUN EXPOSURE leads to cancer on the lips.

IMPORTANT EXAMINATION FOR DETECTION OF CANCER IS ESSENTIAL

                                TREATMENT

  • Early diagnosis of this condition will reduce the chances of pre cancerous cells to become malignant.
  • Visit your dentist as early as possible for regular screenings and identify the signs of oral cancer to get it treated before it becomes a life threatening condition.
  • The three most common treatments for oral cancer are Radiotherapy, Chemotherapy and Surgery.