Gum disease is inflammation of tissues surrounding the teeth. It can range from simple inflammation to severe damage to the bone that supports the teeth.
It has 2 forms:
Gingivitis is mild form of gum disease in which there is only swelling and redness in gum. But if gingivitis is not treated in time it can lead to severe bone loss and pocket formation and convert into a disease called periodontitis.
HOW IT OCCURS?
A bio-film is formed on teeth which is called dental plaque. It can be removed by brushing and flossing. This is a reversible condition. However, if it accumulates on the tooth surface for long period of time a harder deposit is formed which is called tartar or calculus. It cannot be removed by simple brushing. The bacteria in the bio-film release waste products that cause inflammation in the gum leading to severe bone loss, mobility and loss of teeth subsequently. It should be treated as soon as possible and if left untreated the bacteria in mouth can enter blood stream and spread to other parts of body causing heart and kidney diseases.
WHAT CAUSES GUM DISEASES?
- Poor oral hygiene
- Hormonal changes in pregnancy and menopause.
- Some diseases like Cancer and HIV interfere with the immune system leads to gum disease.
- Certain medications
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?
- Swelling of gum
- Bleeding on brushing
- Bad breadth or halitosis and bad taste in mouth.
- Mobility of teeth
- Receding gums
HOW GUM DISEASES IS TREATED?
If you are facing any of these problems you need to contact dentist. It needs to be treated as soon as possible. With time condition worsens leading to severe complications both on general and dental health.
Treatment depends upon the stage of the disease, and categorized as:
- Root planning
- Surgical :
- Flap surgery/pocket reduction surgery
- Bone grafts
- Soft tissue grafts
- Bone surgery
- Guided tissue regeneration
Recommendation of certain antibiotic is also done to eliminate bacterial infection.
Laser treatment is one of the newest modality of treatment of gum disease.
WHAT ARE THE POST TREATMENT PRECAUTIONS?
There is no any serious precaution to be carried out after treatment.All you need is to maintain good oral hygiene.
- Proper brushing of teeth twice daily
- Use of fluorinated toothpaste
- Use of mouthwashes
- Warm saline rinses
You must visit dentist for cleaning of teeth twice a year in order to avoid all form of gum disease and other related serious complications on health.