- What is Cancer?
- CANCER is a group of disease which involves abnormal cell growth which carries the potential to invade other parts of the body.
- And ORAL CANCER also known as Mouth Cancer is the growth of any cancerous tissue in the oral cavity.
- It is a type of head and neck cancer.
- There are different types of oral cancer but the most common is Squamous cell carcinoma.
- Oral cancer most commonly involves the TONGUE but may also involve lips, palate, gingiva and floor of mouth.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF ORAL CANCER
- The appearance of velvety white, red or speckled patches in the mouth.
- Sudden development of swelling, lumps, rough spots, eroded surface or appearance of crusts on the lips, gingiva or other regions of oral cavity.
- Prolonged hoarseness or change in voice.
- Difficulty in chewing, swallowing, speaking, or difficulty in the movement of the jaw and tongues.
- Unexplained bleeding from the mouth.
- Sudden loss in weight.
- Unexplained numbness and loss of pain or tenderness in any areas of the oral cavity.
- Painless ulcers in the mouth which does not heal.
- Pain in the ear without loss of hearing.
- Unexplained mobility of teeth and sockets which do not show healing after extractions.
- There may be change in the way the dentures or teeth fit together.
If you notice one or more of these symptoms for more than two weeks then visit a specialist for complete oral examination. Often these symptoms don’t indicate oral cancer. But it is important to get it diagnosed.
HOW DOES IT OCCURS?
- The exact etiology is not known.
- There is increased risk in people consuming TOBACCO of any type – cigarettes, cigars, pipes, smokeless tobacco.
- Increased use of ALCOHOL also increases the chance of developing oral cancer.
- And the risk is even higher in people consuming both tobacco and alcohol.
- SUN EXPOSURE leads to cancer on the lips.
IMPORTANT EXAMINATION FOR DETECTION OF CANCER IS ESSENTIAL
- Early diagnosis of this condition will reduce the chances of pre cancerous cells to become malignant.
- Visit your dentist as early as possible for regular screenings and identify the signs of oral cancer to get it treated before it becomes a life threatening condition.
- The three most common treatments for oral cancer are Radiotherapy, Chemotherapy and Surgery.